What is a Periodontist?
A periodontist is a dentist that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease and other oral health conditions. A periodontist also performs minor surgical procedures including dental implants, oral cosmetic procedures, and reconstruction of lost bone and gum tissues.
What causes gum disease?
Gum disease is most often caused from bacteria that live in the mouth. The bacteria attach themselves to the teeth, and cause infections in the gums and the bone. Gum disease can lead to early tooth loss and potentially be involved in other health issues including heart disease, diabetes, and pulmonary disease.
Why should I have my gum disease treated if it does not hurt?
Gum disease is similar to heart disease in the way that it can spread undetected. It can progress for years and cause serious, irreversible damage to both gum and bone tissues if not treated. Gum disease is typically diagnosed by a thorough periodontal examination and dental x-rays.
What are dental implants?
Dental implants are the most ideal way to replace missing teeth. Implants are intended to replace the roots of natural teeth allowing a dentist to place a crown without involving or damaging adjacent teeth. They are typically made of titanium and are well accepted by the body and very safe. Dental implants have a success rate of over 97% when placed under the right conditions, and can be used to replaced individual teeth, multiple missing teeth, help retain removable partial dentures, and provide excellent retention for complete dentures.
Why do I need a gum graft?
A gum graft is typically indicated when there has been recession or loss of the gum tissue around a single tooth or multiple teeth. The gum graft restores the seal around the natural teeth (similar to a zip-lock-seal) which may prevent future bone loss and possible tooth loss. It can also be used for cosmetic purposes to cover a root that has been exposed due to recession, as recession can make teeth look longer and less attractive.